- Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.
- The earliest roots of science can be traced to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in around 3500 to 3000 BCE.
- Modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense.
- Science is based on research, which is commonly conducted in academic and research institutions as well as in government agencies and companies.
- Mathematics is essential in the formation of hypotheses, theories, and laws in the natural and social sciences.
- The Nobel Prize, a widely regarded prestigious award, is awarded annually to those who have achieved scientific advances in the fields of medicine, physics, chemistry, and economics.