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Jesus Christ

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Revision as of 10:24, 1 July 2019 by WIsDoM (talk | contribs)
Christ Pantocrator mosaic in Byzantine style, from Cefalù Cathedral, Sicily, c. 1130
  • Jesus Christ also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
  • He is the central figure of Christianity. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament.
  • Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus existed historically, although the quest for the historical Jesus has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the Jesus portrayed in the Bible reflects the historical Jesus.
  • Jesus was a Galilean Jew who was baptized by John the Baptist and began his own ministry. He preached orally and was often referred to as "rabbi".
  • He was arrested and tried by the Jewish authorities, turned over to the Roman government, and crucified on the order of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect.
  • After his death, his followers believed he rose from the dead, and the community they formed eventually became the early Church.
  • Most Christians believe Jesus enables people to be reconciled to God.
  • Christian doctrines include the beliefs that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin named Mary, performed miracles, founded the Christian Church, died by crucifixion as a sacrifice to achieve atonement for sin, rose from the dead, and ascended into Heaven, from where he will return.
  • The great majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, the second of three persons of the Trinity.
  • He widely used calendar era "AD", from the Latin anno Domini, and the equivalent alternative "CE", are based on the approximate birthdate of Jesus.